CBD Laws
Halt | April 26, 2021 | 0 Comments

What Are The CBD Laws In Canada?

With a significant market for cannabis, Canada took the world by storm when it changed its cannabis laws in the year 2018. While critics shamed Canada for such a brave move, cannabis lovers across the globe rejoiced. Either way, marijuana is now completely legitimate in Canada!

Despite the legality, navigating the cannabis industry is still very confusing. When the government legalized marijuana, everyone thought CBD was also legal across Canada. But the truth is that the cannabis laws did not affect CBD products. The reason is that CBD products were always permitted to some extent the same way cannabis is now with the new rules.

Navigating the intricacies of Canada CBD laws can be daunting, but this article will solve all your doubts!

CBD: Explained

CBD Legal

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is a part of the cannabis herb. There are over hundred such elements in the cannabis plant called cannabinoids. The cannabis components, cannabinoids, affect the endocannabinoid system of the body.

The endocannabinoid system is crucial in maintaining a balance of the body’s vital functions and systems. Some of the bodily functions and systems it regulates are:

  • Cognition
  • Memory
  • Inflammatory Reactions
  • Sleep cycles
  • Mood and emotions
  • Temperature

CBD Regulations In Canada

Under the Cannabis Act, cannabinoids like CBD and phytocannabinoids are regulated. On October 17th, 2018, the Cannabis Act was implemented across Canada. These cannabis laws are in line with regulations and guidelines designed under the inspection of the United Nations. According to the United Nations conventions, CBD falls inside the controlled substance group. Canada also classifies CBD under the same category.

So, what happened to CBD products before 2018? They were previously classified in the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. In this act, without government sanction, the manufacture, sale, and circulation of CBD and its products were strictly prohibited. The only industries that received Canadian government approval for CBD usage were medical and research in the scientific scope.

Even though the Canadian Cannabis Act of 2018 made CBD widely available to the demographic, it complicated the production and distribution processes. The Canadian public can easily buy CBD products online. However, the backend regulatory system is an intricate maze, to begin with.

Growing Cannabis Plants For CBD In Canada

How legal are CBD products in Switzerland

The Canadian national law allows its citizens to grow four cannabis plants in their private residences. However, if people want to trade their cannabis yield, they have to acquire a federal license to do so.

The Canadian government gives two different licenses for growing cannabis with the aim of profit:

  1. The industrial hemp license is allowed in the IHR (Industrial Hemp Regulations) part of the 2018 Cannabis Act. The commercial hemp license permits farmers to harvest cannabis plants that have THC content less than 0.3 percent in any plant fragment. The government sternly oversees the hemp varieties that qualify for commercial license.
  2. Commercial farms that want to grow cannabis plants with more than 0.3% THC content have to get a cannabis cultivation license. This license follows the Canadian Cannabis Regulations, which are in the 2018 Cannabis Act.

Canada’s Regional And National CBD Laws

Federal CBD laws

Every province and territory in Canada has different regulations when it comes to Cannabis and CBD laws. While most areas allow one Canadian to have 30 grams of dried cannabis flowers or their equivalent, the consumption and production laws differ.

Let’s briefly go over the provincial CBD regulations across Canada.

Alberta

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 18 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government shops and online drug stores.
  • Legal Consumption: Banned in no-smoking spaces and inside vehicles. Landlords have the right to forbid vaping or smoking CBD on the property and can legally evict defaulters.

British Columbia

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government shops and online drug stores.
  • Legal Consumption: Banned in no-smoking spaces.

British Columbia penalizes drivers who drive under the influence of cannabis by the same laws that regulate alcohol DUI’s.

Manitoba

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: Licensed online and private drugstores.
  • Legal Consumption: No public vaping and smoking allowed.

Manitoba doesn’t allow the cultivation of cannabis at home.

New Brunswick

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government shops and online government dispensaries.
  • Legal Consumption: Vaping and smoking in public areas and any vehicles is forbidden.

Newfoundland And Labrador

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From licensed private drugstores and online government shops.
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private homes.

Nova Scotia

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government stores or online drugstores.
  • Legal Consumption: Vaping and smoking in public are only allowed in labeled areas.

Nunavut

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From online government dispensaries
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private homes and licensed cannabis salons.

Though Nunavut allows the cultivation of a maximum of four cannabis plants at home, the province will enable landlords to ban tenants from doing so. DUI of cannabis has severe penalties like temporary driving license suspension and fines.

Ontario

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From licensed private drugstores and government dispensaries like OCB.
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private homes.

Prince Edward Island

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government drugstores and online dispensaries.
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private homes.

Quebec

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 18 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government drugstores and online dispensaries.
  • Legal Consumption: Not allowed in non-smoking spaces.

In private dwellings, Quebec permits possession of 150 grams of dry cannabis flower or its equivalent. In public, the possession limit is still as much as the national maximum of 30 grams.

Saskatchewan

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From licensed private drugstores and online dispensaries.
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private areas.

There is a private cannabis distribution system in Saskatchewan as opposed to the government dispensaries in other Canadian provinces. Licenses are a must for private distribution.

Yukon

  • Legal Age for Purchase and Consumption: 19 years.
  • Legal Buying: From government drug stores or online dispensaries.
  • Legal Consumption: Restricted to private areas.

Conclusion

With accurate and complete CBD laws across Canada, you can now enjoy CBD without any fear. With cannabis being legal in Canada, there is still a lot of confusion around CBD legality. This article covers all the provincial and federal CBD laws in brief. If you’re still wondering what rules apply in your area, make sure to check out the Canadian government website for more details!