Memphis crime statistics for 2019 show a 2.2% increase in aggravated assaults since 2018.
Aggravated assaults are attempts to cause bodily harm to people with disregard for their life. Various factors may raise an assault to the level of an aggravated assault. These factors include the use of weapons or objects, the status of the victim(s), the intent of the perpetrator, and the level of injury that is caused.
This article highlights what an aggravated assault is, and how you can prevent it in Memphis
Memphis Crime Statistics—Definition of Aggravated Assault
The Memphis Crime Statistics noted 1.430 aggravated assault cases in 2019 (per 100,000 population). As mentioned earlier, aggravated assaults are attempts to cause bodily harm to someone with a weapon or object. There are states that classify various assaults in the aggravated category in their criminal codes. States may also use specific names to classify aggravated assaults, such as assault with a weapon, etc.
While simple assaults may classify as misdemeanors, aggravated assaults are regarded as felonies. States may also apply multiple degrees of charges against aggravated assaults.
Assaults Using Deadly Weapons
The use of a weapon in an assault classifies it as an aggravated assault. The use of a weapon constitutes the assault as aggravated even if no injury was caused during the attack. The charges of assault do not require that harm is produced, but just the intention of the perpetrator to create fear for life in someone is enough for the charge. If someone even threatens to cause harm to someone and induces a state of fear in the victim, it is an act of aggravated assault because of the fear of a more gruesome injury.
The weapons that are classified as deadly include weapons or objects that can cause grave injuries. There are various objects and weapons that are considered deadly because of the potential of harm that they can cause. For instance, you won’t consider pocket knives as deadly, but if they are held to a victim’s neck, it can cause serious harm.
The Victim’s Identity
The victim’s identity also plays a significant role in classifying aggravated assaults. Many states classify fundamental assaults as aggravated if the victim is a teacher, a police officer, or a firefighter. Moreover, assaults are classified as aggravated for the said victims, especially if they were on duty during the assault, and the perpetrator knew of their status.
Furthermore, if the assaults are based on ethnicity, race, national origin, sexual orientation, and religion of the victim, the assault is termed as ‘hate crimes.’
The Perpetrator’s Intent
If the perpetrator acted with the intention to cause severe harm or to cause fear of severe damage, the assault is classified as aggravated assault. Moreover, reckless behavior is also termed as aggravated assault when the perpetrator acts recklessly without regard for human life. Furthermore, in the presence of a deadly weapon, the assault is termed as aggravated, even without the intention to cause injury.
Injury Caused To The Victim
If an assault results in a severe injury to the victim, it is termed as aggravated assault and is punished the same. Injuries that threaten death qualify as serious injuries, or those that cause disfiguring or maiming the victim. If an injury that usually results in death results in a minor injury coincidentally, the assault is still termed as aggravated assault or attempted homicide.
Ways To Prevent Aggravated Assaults
Here are ways you can prevent aggravated assaults.
Stay In Groups
The number one tip to prevent aggravated assaults is to be in a group of people when outside. If you can, avoid walking or traveling alone at late hours of the night. It is rightly said that there is safety in numbers; therefore, try to be in a group of friends or family when going out.
Notify Family Members
Whenever you are going outside, let a family member or a friend know where you are going, and how long it would approximately take for you to come back home. This way, if there is ever trouble, your family or friends can call the police on time.
Avoid Stranded Areas
Whenever you are outside, try to avoid areas that are not well-lit, like alleys, vacant lots, secluded areas, bushes, wooden areas, potential hiding areas, etc. It is relatively easy to commit crimes in these areas; therefore, for your own safety and wellbeing, avoid stranded areas as much as possible.
Have Freedom Of Movement
When going outside, wear comfortable shoes and clothing that may give you freedom of movement. Moreover, try to avoid burdening yourself with too much load.
Do Not Talk To Strangers
Your guardians may have told you not to talk to strangers when you were young. This advice is valid when you grow up too!
Do not stop and talk to strangers and never accept rides from them, either.
Know Your Town
Try to know your area as much as possible—where are all the police stations, hospitals, and fire departments, where are all the stores located as well as their timings. This allows you to notice any suspicious activity or to ask for help whenever needed.
Check Your Vehicle
It is recommended that you check your vehicle before entering it to catch any offenders at the back seat.
Emergency Services On Speed Dial
Always save the emergency services number on your phone on speed dial for easy and quick access.
A Final Word
The Memphis crime statistics reveal an increase in aggravated assaults since 2018. As an inhabitant of Memphis, we recommend you take this Memphis crime statistic in high regard and act on the above-mentioned tips to prevent aggravated assaults in your area.
Memphis Crime Commission is a non-profit organization that prevents crime in the area by educating citizens and empowering them. You can check out the organization’s work and its mission on its website.
Until then, please follow Memphis Crime Statistics, take precautions, and stay safe!