Traumatic brain injuries can have a devastating and long-lasting effect on those that have suffered from them. Not only are there serious and sometimes fatal results to a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) but the aftereffects can exist for many years, interfering with the physical and emotional quality of life for patients.
Over 1.7 million people around the world from Charleston to Hong Kong are struck with traumatic brain injuries every year. Of those, over 50,000 cases are serious enough to cause a fatality.
For those that survive, the range of side effects and serious symptoms can go on for the rest of their lives. Whether head injuries are caused by a fall, a car accident, or some other sort of trauma, the lasting effects can rob patients of a quality of life that is deserved by all.
If you have suffered from a TBI or know someone who is trying to navigate life after a traumatic brain injury, it’s a good idea to know your rights. You can talk to a legal advocate or a Charleston Brain Injury Lawyer to review what can be done to secure your future.
In this article, we will briefly review the different types of Traumatic Brain Injury as well as take a look at the symptoms and long term effects.
Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries
**It should be noted that we will be exploring only those types of TBI that can occur from an outward physical injury and not those that occur from internal complications like stroke or seizures.**
- When an impact on one side of the head causes the brain to be violently smashed up against the opposite side of the skull, resulting in injuries on both sides of the brain.
- The most common type of traumatic brain injury, ranging from mild to severe. A concussion happens as a result of a sudden impact or jarring of the head. The brain swells and becomes bruised, putting pressure on the interior of the skull.
- Caused by a sudden impact or fall, a contusion is the bleeding or bruising of the brain.
Diffuse Axonal Injury
- This is the tearing of the tissues in the brain stem caused from violent shaking or sudden impact movement of the brain.
Shaken Baby Syndrome
- Similar to Diffuse Axonal injury as it is also caused by the repetitive and violent shaking of the head, resulting in damage and bruising of the brain.
- The brain is injured by an object penetrating the skull land entering the brain tissue.
Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms
These common symptoms can range from mild to severe and can either last through a person’s lifetime or ease as the brain heals.
- Frequent even daily headaches or migraines.
- Over one third of patients with TBI suffer from some level of dizziness following injury.
- Many patients suffer from a Convergence Insufficiency, making it difficult to focus. Double vision is common as well as vertigo sickness. This can affect a person’s balance, ability to drive and cause nausea.
- Physical and mental fatigue is common and can cause long-term problems with anxiety, depression and insomnia.
- Post-injury seizures are common in 40% of TBI patients. Symptoms tend to dissipate over time but can be permanent in severe injuries.
- Low tolerance for light and sound. Nearly 25% of TBI patients experience sensitivity to both light and sound for more than six months following injury.
Traumatic brain injuries can have a devastating effect on those that suffer from head trauma. Although it is possible to recover, it is very difficult to resume life as normal for many patients. If you have suffered a brain injury, it’s important to review the signs and symptoms and talk to your doctor about the right path forward.