Legal Aspects of Euthanasia in Different Regions of the USA
It is a paradox to think about euthanasia when all we hear about people dying due to different reasons without wanting it. Almost every other day there is some news which tells about casualty in some part of the world, but we all know that life is filled with complexities and we can never feel what other person is going through. Most people tell stories about how they want to live or how they plan their future, but still, we hear a lot of news regarding suicides happening every other day. No one can tell what the other person is suffering from and making things easy for the people who have a challenging life or any sort of disease, they should seek professional help regarding assisted death. Laws are being imposed legally in numerous states of America from 2016, which allow people to put up requests regarding euthanasia and end their life with external help. It is also known as mercy killing to end the suffering of people who can’t cope up with challenging health conditions or have some incurable disease. This practice allows them to withdraw artificial life support with significant measures. There are numerous psychological samples available that discuss the necessity of legalizing this act in the entire world.
Legal Aspects of Euthanasia
The case of assisted dying has been debated over decades now, and various essay examples are available online regarding euthanasia to create awareness among people. These policies need to be influenced by providing official statements. Look out for an argumentative essay about euthanasia where all sorts of issues are highlighted regarding the said topic and draw public attention to call for a change. Euthanasia is the term which has been in debate for over the years now, despite living in a progressive world everyone has their own reasons to justify this action and some still stand against it in a rigid manner. There is great confusion regarding it, but there are numerous states which stood by the right of individuals and made laws that terminally ill people can opt for. It is now legal to let someone die, and there are different forms of euthanasia accepted. Active euthanasia is legal in Oregon, Washington, Vermont, California, one county in New Mexico, and Montana, whereas passive euthanasia is practiced all over the US. In 2016, the mentioned states were allowed to legalize active euthanasia, in this case, death is brought about by an act.
In 2016 it concluded, all those patients who suffer pain need relief instead of being forced to bear the mental and physical torture. Initially, these people are provided with the best treatment to ease the pain, but once things don’t work out, then they are prescribed drugs from doctors, which help them to die without much pain or they are no longer artificially preserved. Before carrying out this process, it needs to be legally regulated for the said patient; otherwise, taking someone’s life would be considered as a crime. Once the patient goes through active euthanasia, the reason is mentioned on their death certificate that they did not die a natural death and it was medically aided.
Living Will or Advance Directives
There are cases where people have seen their family members suffering from a certain disease, and they know how it is going to end for them in case they are diagnosed with the same ailment. In such cases, people wish to go for euthanasia rather than a miserable life long-suffering. If there is some disease that is unbearable and making your condition worse with each passing day, then it is better to discuss that situation with your family and doctor and go for a written directive in case things go out of control. In such circumstances, advanced directives are defined which allow euthanasia to be performed on the said by their own will, which aligns with legal policies. A written application acts as a document from the patient, which allows a doctor to provide passive euthanasia.
Euthanasia for Minors
Children from the age of 12 can also request for euthanasia, but in this case, their parent’s or guardians’ permission is mandatory. The ones aged sixteen or above won’t require any sort of permission from their parents, but this process should be carried out with their knowledge, and they should be a part of the decision-making process. All those who are above eighteen are entitled to make their own decisions without any sort of involvement from their parents.
Doctors are obliged to report all sorts of unnatural deaths to the respective department. While dealing with euthanasia cases, the regional review committee needs to be notified to ensure that the process carried out according to the defined rules and laws. This committee is comprised of a minimum of three people, which include a doctor, a legal expert, and an ethicist. The main purpose of this committee is to ensure transparency and the consistency of the cases which occur regarding euthanasia. Committee also accesses that all protocols were fulfilled with due care criteria.
Most of the hospitals and doctors try their best to keep a person alive. When things get out of control, patients are given an artificial life and are kept on ventilators despite being in a permanent coma. In such cases, patients opt to die due to euthanasia rather than living like a dead body. To opt for this, one should go for a living will to express their desire for active or passive euthanasia. In this case, life would not be artificially preserved. The US allows 0.3 to 4.6 percent of deaths caused due to euthanasia.