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Understanding the Different Types of Lawyers

The law covers an endless array of subject matter – it only makes sense that those pursuing a career in such would have to specialize in a more condensed, specialized area of study.

For those of you simply looking for a lawyer to aid you with whatever legal issue you are faced with, this can seem daunting – there are so many different types of lawyers that specialize in any and every type of legal issue, so how can you possibly know where to start with your search?

As overwhelming as this vast amount of options may seem, it will truly only benefit you in the end. You will have someone on your side that is educated and experienced in dealing specifically with the type of situation you are in and needing help with.

To get you looking in the right direction, we’ve put together a brief overview of the two main components of law and the different types of lawyers involved in each.

First Things First: Criminal Vs. Civil Lawyers

The first and most basic breakdown when it comes to law is into two categories: criminal or civil.

Criminal law is concerned with the punishment of individuals who commit crimes. Offenders are prosecuted based on Canada’s Criminal Code and various federal laws.

Civil law is the system of law concerned with private relations between members of a community – civil cases are remedied by monetary damages rather than criminal punishments. Civil law revolves around suits and actions, where the plaintiff is the suing party and the defendant is the one being sued.

Criminal lawyers most often act as defense lawyers for individuals who have been accused of committing a crime. They study the case, witnesses’ statements, etc. and present the defense to the court in an attempt to convince the jury of their client’s innocence.

Criminal lawyers can further be broken down into public or private – public being paid by the government and provided to the accused, and private being hired and paid directly by the accused/the accused’s family.

Civil Lawyers

Civil law is much more broad than criminal law in terms of subject specialization.

To give you an idea, here is a list of some of the different types of civil lawyers and civil law services available:

  • Divorce Attorney
  • Family Law Attorney
  • Bankruptcy Attorney
  • Immigration Attorney
  • Personal Injury Attorney
  • Real Estate Attorney
  • Estate Planning Attorney
  • Tax Attorney
  • Employment Attorney
  • Corporate Law Attorney
  • Intellectual Property Attorney
  • Copyright Attorney

Find Your Perfect Match Today

When you are on the hunt for a lawyer, whether simply for legal advice or for help with a more serious legal issue, it is important to remember that there are many differences between each type of lawyer and the area of law that they practice.

Choosing the right lawyer can make all the difference regarding the situation you are in – shop around, read references, ask questions, and you are sure to find the lawyer that is right for you.

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