Category Archives: Laws

2 months ago Laws

Are Your Tires Legal? Think Again

The government has passed several regulations for tires over the past years. Every tire dealer and fleet need to understand the contents of the legal provisions. For example, the Code of Federal Regulations describes eight parts of truck tires. According to the regulation, a vehicle should not be operated if has a flat tire, has an audible air leak, or any thread separation.

Regulations For Tires

Regulations are different depending on the types of tires you have and the vehicle that you own. For instance, truck drivers have different regulations than cars. Truck regulations prohibits operating overloaded trucks. Truck drivers are required to carry up to the limit indicated on the sidewalls of a tire. Part D of the program affects buses. The provision prohibits the use of retreaded tires on the front tires. Speaking with professionals at Element Wheels, they even go on to say the regulation also outlines the recommended tread depth, especially on particular Ferrada wheels made after 2000.

Commercial Vehicle Inspection by CVSA

Law enforcement officers from the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) are mandated to inspect all commercial vehicles on highways in the country. The alliance publishes an annual manual which outlines out-of-service criteria for trucks in North America. The manual specifies truck violations that can render them unqualified to drive or to be put out-of-service. You will also find specific truck tire issues that are termed as violations by the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance.

The SmartWay Program

Another program that was initiated by the government that affects truck tires is called SmartWay. The program is run by the Environmental Protection Agency. It is involved in tire regulation to ensure fuel economy and reduced greenhouse gas emissions which have a negative impact on the environment.

The Compliance, Safety, and Accountability Program

The fourth program by the government to regulate truck tires is called Compliance, Safety, and Accountability (CSA). The U.S Department of Transportation runs the program. It has been used for almost a decade now, and the primary objective of the program was to improve the safety of all commercial vehicles on national roads. Some of the auto parts that the program pays attention to during inspections include brakes, lights, and tires.

CSA carries out live inspections on national roads and penalizes drivers and fleets using a score. The program may give tires a score of three or eight points depending on whether they are in good condition or not. If a truck is found to be operating with a flat tire, exposed tire cords, or using tires with treads below the recommended tread depth, the eight points can be given. They can also take into account the type of suspension a truck has. An Accuair suspension might put a little more pressure on the tire, resulting in a different shape point. A flat tire is defined as a tire whose current inflation pressure is 50% or less of the recommended pressure.

If one of the tires of a truck is given eight points, the vehicle is rendered out-of-service, and a CSA officer will call a roadside service provider as the drivers are not allowed to drive it in the current condition. On the other hand, if a tire is assigned three points, it would mean that CSA considers it to be underinflated. Unlike the case of a flat tire, the regulation does not define under-inflation. Therefore, an officer may decide to assign three points and write a citation saying that it is underinflated even if the inflation pressure is less by 5 psi.

2 months ago Laws

Deal in Auto Accessories? Know the Law

Many people are unaware that there are quite a few laws set in place when it comes to auto accessories. Herein we will go through these auto accessories and the law that will help you not violate them. Many people feel the need to express their personalities and lifestyle preferences by accessorizing their vehicles. If you have such needs, it is important to know the rules and the limits to how much you can change or should we say accessorize your car.

Auto Accessories and the Law

There are six main categories to cover when it comes to auto accessories and the law. These are as follows:

  • Noise related laws
  • Car suspension related laws
  • Vehicle exhaust modifications laws
  • Insurance rates impact laws

Auto Accessories DealBefore we take a closer look at each of these, we should point out that we will mostly focus on the USA (especially on the 19 states that require yearly car inspections). However, there are very similar laws in place in almost all countries of the developed world – in some, these are more strict than in others. Most of these laws can be found in vehicles or traffic codes.

Noise Related Laws

You’ve all heard of noise pollution before, right? Well, when it comes to vehicles, there are two standard ways one could be in violation in this area – sound system (speaker & horn) modifications and exhaust modifications.

The exact levels of permitted noise differ from state to state. Basically, there are cited levels (95 dB in California), which your speaker, horn, and exhaust noise should not surpass, otherwise, you are in violation of peace disturbance and excessive noise.

To avoid getting a ticket, you should avoid playing loud music in the residential areas and make all alterations to your exhaust and horn to fall in line with the law. Even the consist sound of the famous forged wheels could raise eyebrows.

Car Suspension Related Laws

Many individuals like to play around with their car’s suspension. However, you are not allowed to raise or lower your car as much as you’d please either. We saw many individuals abuse the popular McGaughys lift by modifying it that went against manufactures guidelines.  Most states have exact limitations for both ends (Utah for instance requires all cars to have a minimum of 3 inches of ground clearance). This is to ensure the safety of your car, you, and other people.

Normally, any suspension alterations that affect car’s safety are not permitted. Professional suspension companies will know what laws your car needs to follow.

Vehicle Exhaust Modifications Laws

We touched this one above in the noise pollution section, but there is a more serious law in place regarding the air quality, also known as the California Air Resource Board (CARB) laws, which is the most strict in California.

Auto Accessories lawInsurance Rates Impact Laws

Any type of alteration to your vehicle can get you into problems with the law and also with your insurance. As you are not allowed to drive around without the proper car insurance, it is of extreme importance to make sure your car is in line with all the laws. If any alterations made to your car are not within the limits, an insurance company can deny issuing the necessary paperwork for your vehicle.


When it comes to auto accessories and the law, the easiest and safest option is to simply keep your car as it was manufactured. However, if you do have a need to make any alterations, make sure those are not violating any of the above laws, otherwise, you could get a hefty ticket or even end up in jail.


How to Choose a Lawyer After an Auto Accident

Finding a lawyer for an auto accident isn’t too difficult.

Many people struggle to defend themselves in cases that involve auto accidents. This is because there are usually injuries involved, hefty fees, and it’s difficult to find evidence. However, a lawyer can do everything for you.

Some of the best lawyers can handle a case and get their clients the full compensation that they deserve. When it comes to finding one of these lawyers, you’ll have to do a little research, but nothing too difficult.

Read on to learn everything you need to know about how to choose a lawyer for an auto accident!

What Does a Lawyer Do?

Auto injury lawyers exist to ensure that their clients receive compensation for damages. Whether you’re suspected to be at fault for an accident or are a victim, a lawyer will defend you to convince a judge why you’re in the right.

A car accident injury lawyer will go through several steps during the process:

Gather Evidence

Auto accidents can be a difficult thing to gather evidence for if you don’t have anything but your word. However, lawyers will go to local businesses and homes around the scene to see if they can find any witnesses.

Many accidents happen in high-traffic areas that have cameras set up nearby. Intersections and stop lights are the most common areas, but establishments usually have cameras outside, too.

While the lawyer is gathering evidence, they’ll go to the defending party and ask them information about the incident. This lets them know if the stories line up so that they can form a case. In many cases, the defendants won’t speak to a lawyer besides their own.

Represent You In Court

Aside from getting evidence, lawyers represent their clients in court. Most people aren’t sure of how to compose themselves during a trial, so lawyers make sure that nothing is said that could weaken your case.

Lawyers will talk with their clients about the case and the evidence that they have. They’ll prepare them for when the judge asks the client to speak. Whenever the defending party is on the stand, a lawyer can object something that’s said and can’t be used as evidence.

Get Referrals

When it comes to choosing the best car accident attorney, getting referrals is an easy way to see how they are. You can get referrals from someone that you know or you can look on the internet.

If you look up an attorney’s office on Google, you’ll see reviews from people that have worked with them in the past. Go through the reviews and see if people have won their cases with a particular lawyer.

Doing this will prevent you from hiring someone that isn’t known for winning cases. You can also find out how much they charge for their services. Keep in mind that some of the best lawyers will charge more because they’re more likely to win a case, so the demand for them will be high.

Look for a Lawyer with Experience

Experience is one of the most important factors that determine whether a lawyer is good. You don’t want to get someone that’s fresh on the job because auto accidents typically involve a lot of money.

While it’s reasonable to get a newer lawyer for something like a petty crime, auto accidents have to be dealt with by the best, especially if injuries are involved. While you’re looking at reviews or getting referrals, you’ll learn more about their previous cases.

You can also access public records to review cases and see who the lawyers of each party were. Records will show you the events of an incident and what took place in court. While this may seem like a lot of work, you have to remember that you’re trying to find someone that will guarantee you a win.

Ensure That They Communicate with You

The best lawyer for car accident injuries must be able to communicate with you during the entire process. If you’re left out of the loop, you won’t understand what’s happening and what your chances are of winning.

Because compensation is what most people seek, a good lawyer will give you an estimate of how much you could get. Providing that they gather sufficient evidence, you’ll most likely be able to get fully compensated.

If you get a lawyer that doesn’t tell you what’s going on, you’ll run the risk of saying the wrong things or getting your hopes up. Again, this info can be found in reviews or referrals.

Some of the things that a lawyer should tell you are your rights, what evidence they have, and how much compensation you should seek. Knowing your rights will be important in court because it allows you to stay safe and avoid getting pressured into saying or doing something.

Now You Know How to Choose a Lawyer

If you’re looking for the best auto accident lawyer, you don’t want to get someone that will beat around the bush and hide things from you. Inexperienced lawyers often lose cases because they’re not sure how to represent clients or go about getting evidence.

Now that you know how to choose a lawyer, you’ll want to find someone that can communicate with you. They’ll provide you with all the information about the case, such as your rights, evidence, and total damages. You can find a good lawyer by getting a referral, reading reviews, and looking to public records.

Browse our blog to find more articles about lawyers and how they can benefit you.

2 months ago Laws

Six Tips for Writing Legal Documents Everyone Should Know

The whole point of writing legal documents by yourself is to reduce legal expenses, which are, at times, very high. However, it is not a walk in the park, and it doesn’t have to be challenging also, as there are thresholds that come with legal writing. Legal documents should be clear and should convey information in line with legal requirements and standards.

Lawsuits, divorce documents, contracts, wills, estates, and trusts are areas that require legal documents, hence legal writing. You do not have to draft legal documents on your own entirely, but you could do a portion of the document and leave a lawyer to handle the rest.

Working on your legal document requires putting the following into consideration:

  • The outline of your workings
  • Working on the definitions sections
  • Abiding by principles of legal writing
  • Proper citation
  • Formatting
  • Signatures

Work with a Proper Outline

Planning your document is an essential part of the entire writing process. The outline determines how the contents of the document will appear, and the sections under which the content will appear. Every legal document has a heading which may contain a letterhead or just the document’s title. How the heading looks like will entirely depend on the legal document that you are writing.

Other sections of the document should be carefully worked out to ensure that the entire document has some form of structure and organization.

Include a Definitions Section If Necessary

In the course of writing your legal document, there are chances that you could use abbreviations of companies or some terms like ‘business’ that explicitly refer to a particular business. Proper legal writing has the goals of clarity, conciseness, and objectivity. Towards these ends, you have to ensure that your work conforms to these standards.

Whenever you use abbreviations of terms unknown to the audience, or specific words like ‘business’ to refer to a particular entity, you need to include a definitions section that will expound more.

Abide by Principles of Legal Writing

Legal writing is different from other forms of writing in many respects. When working on your content, you have to ensure that it is relevant to the document that you are writing. Avoid repetition, and do not use slang in your writing. This will impair its conciseness and clarity. Passive voice is unwelcome in legal writing, and this means that you should stick to active voice when working on the content of your legal document.

Further, you must write your content in order of its significance. The most important content should be given the top priority in writing. To avoid clutter, ensure that you use simply wordy phrases and short but compact paragraphs. This works to ensure that the content has and maintains clarity and conciseness. Further, each paragraph should work on one point of focus. If you are having trouble here, you can check out various academic writing websites where you can hire a professional to assist you and find writing guides.

If you are going to use lists, ensure that they are clear and have a logical structure. Given the goal of clarity and relevance, avoiding redundancies, repetitions, and needless words gives a boost to your content’s overall quality.


Some legal documents require you to refer or use some legal authority, including statutes or case laws. Legal authority helps to back your content and also reinforces what you are outlining in your document. There is a whole world of difference in citing legal documents and other works of writing, such as academic documents. Depending on the legal document that you are working on, you need to ensure that you cite legal authority according to stipulated formats. There are manuals and resources on the web that highlight how you should go about citing legal authority. These resources could come in handy when making your citations.


To ensure that your document has a proper outline, you need to format the work properly. Use fonts that are visible and help to improve the clarity of the content. Number your paragraphs, and make your headings and sub-headings bold. This enhances the readability of your work. It is highly important that, throughout the document, you maintain consistency.

When numbering your work, it is better to use numbers all through than mixing numbers and numerals. This affects the cohesion and flow of the content. Some jurisdictions have distinct rules on the preparation and formatting of legal documents. You might want to put this into consideration so that your document is relevant when you submit it to the appropriate audience.


In the case of writing legal documents about estates, trusts, and wills, signatures are an essential part of the document. You must provide space, at least a line for each party or individual that will be signing the document. You should write or type their name and give an allowance that could be a line that will harbor the signature. Apart from the typed name, you might also want to include a date for relevance purposes.

You do not have to be in the legal profession to write legal documents. Tried, tested, and recommended tips can help you write your legal documents from scratch. The indisputable fact is that legal writing is expensive, and you are highly likely to fork out significant sums of money if you hire a lawyer to work on your legal documents. Working on your writing, formatting, and editing skills can help you immensely when it comes to legal writing, which can turn help you save your hard-earned money.

2 months ago Laws

Physical Therapy and Legality of Muscles and Ligaments

The treatment of any disease should be not only effective but also as safe as possible, without unpleasant consequences and side effects. “Do no harm” – this is exactly the principle on which all modern medical techniques are based. One of the long-known and absolutely safe techniques include Physical Therapy. The main feature, or rather, the advantage of the technique, is that such a course of treatment excludes the use of chemical and pharmaceutical preparations.

The name Physical Therapy itself suggests that treatment is carried out using physical factors. There are many such physical factors like ultrasound, currents, laser, magnetic field, various types of radiation (ultraviolet, infrared), massage and others. So, physiotherapy has a big plus – high efficiency combined with the safety of use.

We keep hearing about sportsmen getting physical therapy to alleviate pains resulting from an injury. But did you ever wonder what exactly do the physiotherapists do to heal the severed ligament or a muscle injury?

The human body has more than 600 muscles that constitute approximately 40% of our body weight. Accidents can happen anytime and if you engage in sports of some kind, muscles, and ligament, injuries are quite commonplace even if you are into non-competitive sports.

Overloading or overtraining are frequent situations that can lead to possible injury. We must not forget that whenever we do physical activity, we are subjecting our body to a high level of stress, which can play against us.

If you are struggling with any motion issue or even chronic pain, Physical Therapy can benefit you. A physician may recommend Physical Therapy to help you recover from your injury or pain. Listed below are some of the benefits you can expect from a Physical Therapy treatment from reputed physical therapy clinics:

Improved Mobility

Physical Therapy treatment can help with building strength to walk and stand. With the help of some specific exercises, muscles are stretched and strengthened, increasing flexibility and enhancing coordination.

Injury Recovery

Sprains and fractures are two typical injuries that can be included in sports injuries. Recovery from such an injury is a lengthy process. Houston Physical Therapy specialists teach specific movements that help strengthen the injured areas. 


When you are suffering from a sprain, your physician may utilize a number of physiotherapy procedures. But most often, traumatologists prescribe patients magnetotherapy. And it is no coincidence: the analgesic, decongestant, and anti-inflammatory effects of magnetotherapy for sprain of ligaments have long been known and proven by the results of several medical studies.

Post-Surgical Recovery

People who have undergone any kind of surgery know very well that recovery post-surgery involves letting the body heal and slowly build coordination and strength once more. Specific exercises as recommended by the physician can assist with the post-surgical recovery, targeting those particular areas that have to heal. 


We thus see that Physical Therapy can be an excellent way to heal injured muscles and ligaments and it is a completely non-invasive treatment.  However, it is very important for you to be consistent and complete the sessions as recommended by your therapist.

2 months ago Laws

Wills Probate & Trusts – How to find quality Solicitors

The time when you should seriously consider finding a quality solicitor is when you need to write your will.

This is particularly the case when you have assets like an overseas holiday home, or you have a business and expect it will form part of your estate.

For the latter, it’s important because you’ll be liable to pay Inheritance Tax, which is levied on estates that are valued at over £325,000 for an individual or up to £650,000 for married couples.

Another scenario where finding a quality solicitor is paramount is when your family position is complicated. You may have children from a previous relationship, or perhaps you may want to make special arrangements for your children or another family member who suffers from a disability.

Before you go to a solicitor it’s advisable to consider what it is you want to leave and to whom you would like to leave it in your will. It will not only save you a lot of time but in doing so it will save a large amount of money.

There are many benefits of using a quality solicitor in Stourbridge. For a start, it means that you will be protected if anything untoward goes wrong. This is because solicitors are regulated.

When and if any problems arise, you can not only complain to the solicitor’s own firm. But if your solicitor’s firm doesn’t adequately deal with the complaint you make properly then it is open to you to take the matter to the Legal Ombudsman.

This gives you the peace of mind of being more confident there will be no mistakes. There are common problems associated with wills. These include the use of the wrong witnesses or forgetting to have the document signed. In both these situations, there is the danger that the will is not valid when you pass away. By using quality stourbridge solicitors you should be able to minimise the risk of untoward things like this occurring.

Another benefit of using a quality solicitor is that the complicated bits of wills are done for you. The law that surrounds inheritances (including the statutes about Inheritance Tax and trusts) are complicated. Solicitors are familiar with the appropriate law and, therefore, are able to assist you in making the most effective choices.

With a quality solicitor, you can rest assured that your will will be safely stored. When solicitors help clients write their wills, they will generally store the original in a fireproof safe and free of charge.

When you hire a quality solicitor, you should expect that he or she will explain the options open to you about making decisions about your will. Solicitors should also give advice in confidence and make sure your best interests are dealt with first.

They will also write and check your will in line with the instructions you give, while at an early stage providing you with a clear indication of any costs and how these will be calculated.

When it comes to quality solicitors acting as executors, you make the choice. If you do appoint your solicitor as executor he or she will handle all the arrangements for your estate when you pass away.

2 months ago Law School , Laws

Law School Exams – What You Need to Know Before You Start

Are you planning to make your career as a lawyer? Law is a challenging subject, and it’s extremely difficult to clear the law school exam with flying colors unless and until you’ve got the right edge. Law schools can make three important years of life extremely daunting and stressful.

Let’s be very clear that making a career as a lawyer is a rewarding prospect, but you should also understand that it will be a major investment of your time, money, and, of course, your future. So, if you are determined enough to pursue it, ensure that you do it right.

In order to become a lawyer, you’ll have to graduate from a law school. Remember that the grades you achieved in your graduation, can actually spill the beans whether you have the thing to appear for the bar exam or not. 

How to write a law school exam

Experts from ProHighGrades say that writing law school exams is like walking barefoot in the scorching heat – if you want to crack the code of writing efficiently, it is important to understand the crucial tips outlined below:

Basics of law school exam

Before you start studying or preparing for the exam, understand that law exam has generally four parts, i.e., issue, black letter (rules), application of the rules, and conclusion.

Follow the first thumb rule of spotting the legal issues because if you don’t know the exact issue, how you’ll be able to apply a rule and write the conclusion. If you are unsure about how to spot legal issues, then it’s the right time you start understanding the inexplicable fact patterns, i.e., the hypos you learned while in law school.

It is advisable that you read the fact patterns over and over again as it will help you understand the true facts about the crime. Practice reading the facts pattern as they can be extremely helpful for you to spot the legal issues with ease. 

Understanding and memorizing the rules

Once you’ve understood how to spot the legal issue, now you to know about the analysis and application of the rules. Remember that you’ll only have one hour or so to write the essays, so you’ll have to write the right rules without wasting your time.

This is where memorization of the rules can help. You’ll have to understand, study, and memorize the rules throughout the semester and start revising them a few weeks before your exams. 

Search for a sample of law school exam test

You have now mastered the art of spotting the issue and applying the right rule, now’s the time to write the legal analysis and an apt conclusion of what you think about the whole case. Writing a conclusion can be easy, but writing analysis can be confusing and complicated. In the legal analysis, you’ll have to answer the questions pertaining to the ‘Whys’ of the case, i.e., why the person is liable for the accident and so on.

One way to master the art of writing efficient legal analysis is to take practice tests. You can search for a law school exam sample online, coming across numerous options. You can also visit the library to search for past exam papers. If you want to ace the law school exams, it is advisable that you take practice tests of the Harvard law school exam as they can prepare you in numerous ways. Practicing the sample tests can help you understand the type of law school exam questions that can be asked during the exam.

The cost of studying in a law school can run into thousands of dollars, and it is not a piece of cake to clear the difficult law exams. In simpler terms, if you don’t have enough monetary backup or resources, then there are ways with which you can appear for the bar exam without actually going to a law school. Is it really possible? Well, as a matter of fact, it is, but there’s a catch which you need to understand. 

How to pass the bar exam without law school 

One of the most famous examples of such a case is Abraham Lincoln. He didn’t go to any law school and still, he was able to become a successful lawyer in the history of the United States. There are eight states in America, which allows you to bypass the law school and write a bar exam. In such a scenario, the programs offered are wholly governed and managed by the particular state bar association. California, Virginia, Tennessee, Washington, Wyoming, and Vermont are the six states where there is absolutely no requirement for you to go to any law school. In the state like New York, it is imperative for you to have a one year background in law school whereas, in the state of Maine, you’ll need only two years. 

The states which allow you to appear for the bar examination without the need to go to a law school require you to complete an apprenticeship program. It is not necessary that you should be the resident of a particular state, but one thing which is common amongst all is the apprenticeship requirement. 

The rules for apprenticeship programs of every state are different, but there’s one thing in common, you will have to study for hours and work under a genuine lawyer. For example, let’s consider the state of California where you will have to complete four years of this program, and which requires you to work for a bare minimum of eighteen hours in an actual lawyer’s office. Therefore, it is advisable to determine the rule of the various state before you apply for the apprenticeship program with the state bar association of a particular state. 

Note: Once you have completed your four years of the program and are planning to appear for the bar exam, it is advisable that you enroll yourself with a tutor or a private class who can help you revise and prepare you for the examination, which can transform your life and career.

2 months ago Laws

Legal Cover For Contracting Businesses: A Guide

As a sole trader with a skill to sell to paying customers, you’ll be aware that it’s not just your skills that are important for your business’ success – it’s also how you manage to market yourself, retain customers, and find the lucrative business niches you need to succeed. And on the flip-side you’ll be able to avoid failure and costly damages by attaining the correct legal coverage for all the work you do as a professional. 

That’s what this guide is concerned with: how to protect yourself in the eyes of the law in order to make the most of your contracting business. 

Regulatory Alignment 

Part of your schooling in the skills of your trade – and part of the skillset of the tradespeople who work with you or for you – is an understanding of regulations. These can vary wildly from industry to industry, and from job to job, but the key here is health and safety. If you are found, in the event of damage or an accident, to have flouted the regulations that are in place to keep you and other people safe, you’ll not be able to claim on insurance – and your business will suffer. 

Make sure that you’re aligned to the regulations at all times, with frequent updates for your staff, in order to avoid these damaging and difficult situations. 

Get Insured

Being insured is one of the best ways in which you can avoid the damaging results of a business loss – whether that’s through theft, damage or injury. Getting contractors insurance is a doddle in the digital age, with excellent internet-based providers able to tailor a package of cover to your business, at competitive rates. With this insurance cover, you’ll be able to operate in the peace of mind that if something damaging does happen to your business, you’ll be able to turn to your insurance for support in order to avoid costs and the potential fatal debt these can impose on your business. Secure your contractors insurance package today in order to protect your business and make your legal claim for compensation as strong as possible. 

Legal Advice

Any business should operate within the law – but, more than that, they should be in constant liaison with the lawyers and attorneys who are familiar with business law and the regulations that cover business in your locality. Without legal advice, you may sleep-walk into legal issues that you may have been able to prevent – ultimately leading to your business’ demise. 

Set up a relationship with a local law firm that’s well-equipped to help you with any questions of legal disputes that may arise in the process of your contracting. One of the most typical – complaints and small claims from customers – can be dealt with and settled out of court if you have a legal team onside to help you formulate a response to a legal letter demanding compensation that may be disproportionate and unlikely to win out in a court of law.

These tips should help any contracting business deal with the legal side of their entity, enabling steady growth without the threat of damaging costs.

2 months ago Laws

Getting Around Safely: Bicycle Laws for Riders and Drivers

The League of American Bicyclists released a report at the start of 2019 detailing 2016 as the deadliest year for U.S. cyclists.

While there are strict requirements for the manufacturing of bicycles put in place by the Code of Federal Regulations, it’s clear the United States has a long way to go in improving safety conditions and bicycle laws for cyclists. The statistics speak for themselves.

According to People for Bikes, the bicyclist fatality rate has risen an average of 2 percent each year. Here’s what you need to know about the laws.

Bicycle Laws

In general, cyclists must follow the same traffic laws as motorists. While bike laws vary by state and local ordinance, there are several rules shared across the spectrum.

All cyclists and motor vehicle drivers should familiarize themselves with bicycle rules. Currently, Florida ranks as the deadliest state for a bike riding accident, holding an annual average of about 110 cyclist deaths. While the state has begun to adopt the Vision Zero plan to help cut back on these preventable deaths, everyone being more knowledgeable of the various laws will also help cut back on accidents.


Even if a bicycle comes equipped with turn signals, all cyclists must still use hand signals when: turning, changing lanes or stopping.

The proper hand signals are:

  • Right Turn / Lane Change – Right hand should be extended straight out
  • Left Turn / Lane Change – Right hand should be bent up at a 90-degree angle from the elbow
  • Stop – Right hand should be bent down at a 90-degree angle from the elbow


Twenty-two states have bicycle helmet laws for people under the age of 18. While there are currently no state laws requiring helmets for cyclists over the age of 18, there are many local ordinances that do.

Before riding your bicycle, be sure to check the regulations specific to your city.

Lights and Reflectors

All bicycles must have red lights on the back and white ones on the front. In addition, there must be red reflectors on the back and white reflectors on the front.


Nearly all state laws and local ordinances forbid cyclists over a certain age from biking on sidewalks. For example, in San Francisco, that age is thirteen.

However, there do exist local ordinances in certain states which allow bicycling on the sidewalk and even ban bikes on some streets.

Stop Signs and Stoplights

Traffic laws state all motor vehicles have to stop at stop signs and stoplights. Bicyclists are no different and are not exempt from this law. Cyclists must come to a complete stop at both a stop sign or a stoplight.

Failure to comply with this vital law could result in a ticket. Or worse, a fatal accident.

Know the Laws and Cycle Safely

Every citizen of the United States must understand the laws surrounding driving safety for both motor vehicles and bicycles.

Since individual state laws and local ordinances vary for bicycle laws, be sure to research rules that apply to where you live. This will help ensure future accidents are prevented and the roads are safe for everyone.

2 months ago Laws

Translation of Legal Documents

The translation may appear to be a relatively simple and uncomplicated task, but as they say, appearances can be deceptive. It is vitally important in the translation of any document that the professional assigned to the task remains as faithful and accurate to the original when translating, and in no other field is this one single criterion as important as in legal document translation. 

Accuracy is of paramount importance since legal documents are very carefully worded, leaving no scope for mistakes. If at any time or stage, during the process of translation, if even a single word is misinterpreted or misunderstood, the meaning of the document can change and it can lead to a possible dispute or even an extended court case. Some of the documents where this kind of work is involved are:

Contract translations. Confidentiality agreements and documents containing sensitive information such as government documents. In all of the above, it is absolutely imperative that the translating party or agency adhere to certain guidelines. These are: 

  • The translation needs to be as faithful and accurate to the original text as is possible
  • Confidentiality needs to be maintained especially in the case of documents containing sensitive information such as government documents, property dispute documents, and documents centering around military contracts. Hence extreme caution needs to be taken when outsourcing these tasks to private parties or freelancers.
  • Language and choice of words. The language needs to be clear, without any form of ambiguity and certain words and jargon need to be retained as they are, without modification. Good grammar and syntax are as important for a legal document as for any other written piece of communication.
  • In the legal world, rules change from time to time. Any verdict of the case can lead to a new rule known in legal circles as a precedent. It is important that the translating party (or parties) be familiar with such precedents.
  • Maintain the tone of the document. Most documents are written in the passive voice. It is important that this tone be maintained throughout the document

In this kind of documents, there is neither room for error nor is there any necessity for any kind of flowery language or needless paraphrasing. It is also mandatory that legal documents be manually translated and one can’t put legal translation through a translation software. Where the document involves two countries, as for example migration documents, it is important that the translator understands the rules and laws of the country, even the culture of the country, other than his own, so that the document is culturally relevant. In the case of complex documents, there is no loss of dignity or image in seeking the help of legal professionals and experts in the field. The end result of such an exercise is that it rules out the possibility of any kind of accusation being leveled at the translating person or agency. 


Translation of legal documents as you can see is a task involving precision, accuracy, and knowledge. Knowledge not just of the legal framework of your own country, but of rules and regulations of other countries, especially in the case of cross-cultural contracts and communication. But for the experts in this esoteric field, the rewards (financial and otherwise) more than compensate for the time and care taken in the translation of legal documents.


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