Menu
X

Category Archives: Immigration Law

image

9 Tips for Immigrating to the United States From India

Before you make your move to the USA, you need to be fully prepared for every single step of the process. Many people who are moving from India to the US mistakenly believe that their life won’t drastically change. While some aspects of your life won’t change too much, there are also countless changes that you will experience throughout your new life in the US.

It’s very common to be unsure of what documents to bring with you, how you’ll handle some of the more minor changes, or what you’ll do about banking, transportation, etc. These are all issues that countless people have faced when immigrating to the United States. Below are nine of our top tips to keep in mind both during (and after) the immigration process.

What to Do Before Applying for a Visa

Before you’ve even submitted any paperwork/documents for your visa application, you need to make 100% sure that your passport properly displays your name (as well as the passport of any family member who might be going with you).

If you fail to make sure that your name (and other details) are properly entered in your passport, you might be stuck with those errors in the USA. That’s why it’s essential to double-check every piece of information (and every document) you submit during the application process.

Deal With Your Finances

If you plan on being in the United States for an extended period (e.g. four to six years), it will probably make the most sense to close all of your bank accounts in India (unless you need them for business reasons). Likewise, any investment accounts should be closed and/or consolidated into one primary account. The same should be done for your Indian bank accounts as well.

Take Care of Any Dental Problems You Have

This tip isn’t related to documents or finances, but it’s equally as important. Before you leave for the US, it would be ideal if you went to the dentist and got any dental issues taken care of. The cost of healthcare in the US is a lot more expensive than in India. This includes dental work.

Deal With Health Insurance Before You Leave

Having health insurance in the US is essential. Most employers will sort this out for you, but if not, you’ll need to purchase a plan on your own. Most states in the US have dedicated offices that will help you purchase a plan and enroll for coverage.

Make Sure Your Mobile Phone Works in the USA

This is a tip that a lot of people overlook during the immigration process, but it’s very important (and equally as essential as other tips). Before you leave for the US, it’s recommended to get a phone that works on mobile networks in North America. This might require buying a completely new phone, or just getting a new SIM card. Go to your phone carrier to see what options are available.

Bring Important Documents With You

Important documents and records such as tax filings, bank statements, education records, etc. should ideally be brought along with you when you immigrate to the US. Many different institutions (e.g. financial, educational, employers) will sometimes require the submission of these types of documents.

Learn How to Drive

The USA is a very large country, and most places outside of major cities don’t have many public transportation options. You’re going to need to learn how to drive (if you don’t already). The process is relatively easy to go through in India, so you should take advantage of that prior to your departure for the US. Numerous states will accept foreign driver’s licenses (if they’re printed in English) for up to a certain period of time (after which you’ll need to get an official license).

Go to the Doctor’s Office Prior to Your Departure

Before you leave for the US, it’s important that you take care of any medical issues. Receiving healthcare in the US isn’t as straightforward as India, and you’ll already have a lot to deal with. The last thing that you’ll want to do once you arrive in the US is have a visit to the doctor.

Make Sure Your Travel Companions Are Ready

Making sure that your travel partners (i.e. family members) are ready to travel to the US is just as important as making sure that you’re ready. All of the tips we’ve covered apply to everyone you plan on immigrating with (especially children).

image

US IMMIGRATION POLICY: ITS IMPACT AND CONSEQUENCES

Introduction

It’s an open secret that the current U.S. government under Donald Trump’s leadership has adopted various measures in place to reduce the influx of undocumented immigrants in the United States. From the data collected by Pew Research Center, there were a total number of 10.5 million illegal immigrants in 2017, and the Trump Administration has made all the possible efforts to dispose of these illegal immigrants. There are several reasons stated by the Hon’ble President not to let immigrants procure any asylum in the U.S. The purposes indicated by the Trump Administration revolve around human trafficking concerns, overflowing country population, degrading job market, etc. But, there is no conclusive proof of these statements. While there is a clear divide between the supporters and opposers of these policies, an impartial analysis of the legality of measures implemented by the government is possible only from an international law’s perspective.  

Trump Administration has announced new rules for migrants coming from Central America, stating that starting from July 16, immigrants entering from other nations cannot directly claim asylum in the U.S. 

On July 15, the Trump Administration declared the amendments in asylum rules, making it mandatory to make an asylum claim in the previous country while en route to the U.S. before entering to the southern U.S. border.

The suggestion made by the Trump Administration to deal with the issue of immigrants draws its rationale from the “Safe Third Country” policy. This policy states that migrants would need to apply for asylum in Mexico or other countries first, and the migrants have to wait in Mexico while the U.S. handles their applications, a process that can take months or even years. Interestingly, countries in Europe, including the United Kingdom, have been keeping an eye on how measures by the American government will unfold, which will eventually determine if claiming asylum in the UK or any other nation in Europe will undergo the same transition. 

Laws and Provisions about Refugees and Asylum Seekers

The structure and procedure evolved, and by 2004, federal handling of refugee affairs was led by the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (P.R.M.) of the U.S. Department of State. Now, due to a rapid surge in the number of asylum seekers, on April 29, a memo was issued by the U.S. President to homeland security officials to make some changes in the persisting asylum process. 

The Existing Asylum Process

Section 1 of the Presidential Memorandum dated April 29, 2019, stated that “immigration and asylum system is in crisis as a consequence of the mass migration of aliens across our southern border.”

Section 3 of the Presidential Memorandum stated that Secretary of Homeland Security should take all appropriate actions to:

(a) propose regulations to ensure that aliens who receive positive fear determinations pursuant to section 235(b)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (I.N.A.) are placed in proceedings conducted under 8 CFR 208.2(c)(1) and 1208.2(c)(1) or, if not eligible for asylum, are placed in proceedings conducted under 8 CFR 208.2(c)(2) and 1208.2(c)(2);

(b) propose regulations setting a fee for an asylum application not to exceed the costs of adjudicating the application, as authorized by section 208(d)(3) of the I.N.A. (8 U.S.C. 1158(d)(3)) and other applicable statutes, and setting a fee for an initial application for employment authorization for the period an asylum claim is pending; and

(c) propose regulations under section 208(d)(2) of the I.N.A. (8 U.S.C. 1158(d)(2)) and other applicable statutes to bar aliens who have entered or attempted to enter the United States unlawfully from receiving employment authorization before any applicable application for relief or protection from removal has been granted, and to ensure immediate revocation of employment authorization for aliens who are denied asylum or become subject to a final order of removal.

Impact of New Asylum Policies 

There are serious and strong pieces of evidence that reflects that the Immigration policy by Trump Administration has observed serious effects in the behavior of individuals both inside and outside the country. The Administration’s position in context with the Immigration has seen a negatively tremendous effect on the tourism of the U.S. It has been seen in the last three quarters of 2017 that international arrivals to the U.S. are dropped by 2.3 million, as compared to the previous year.

As per an article published by The Wall Street Journal, there has been a decline of 40% in the Higher Education Applications in the Universities. The massive decline came from the students of the Middle-East. The new H-1B applications have been declined by a higher percentage of 15%. Just 190,000 applications were submitted for the Financial Year 2019.  

Furthermore, there’s been a sharp uptick in the number of people who have entered Canada from the U.S. to seek asylum. As per official data from the Canadian government’s website, in June 2018, there has been the apprehension of more than 10,000 asylum seekers on the ports of entry of both the nations. This reflects almost 140% increment of the number of people seeking asylum as compared to 2017.

Examining Tenacity of Amended Policy Vis-a-vis International law

Experts believe that this provision of the International law has been violated by the Trump Administration. The Administration has made it very clear in the process that there would be a specific fee that must be paid by the person seeking asylum, and if he fails in doing so, he/she will be sent back even though there is a fear of persecution.  

Article 9 of the 1951 Convention preserves the right of states to take ‘provisional measures’ on the grounds of national security against a particular person, but only ‘pending a determination by the Contracting State that that person is, in fact, a refugee and that the continuance of such measures is necessary for the interests of national security.’ 

The most crucial point to be highlighted here is that in the Trump Administration, there are provisions made stating that all the refugees will be staying in Mexico for the initial period, and the U.S. will call each applicant one-by-one. The U.S. has threatened Mexico that if this rule is not complied with, then there would be massive tariff hikes. Now, there are no such provisions mentioned to this regard in the International Refugee Law or The International Human Rights Law. This provision enacted from the side of the U.S. makes this immigration process unhealthy and violative of the International Norms.  

Conclusion

Trump administration may have done its research while framing these kinds of policies, but prima facie they do seem to contradict the established norms of Public International law. 

While it’s also understandable that the U.S. government is just trying to protect its borders from unidentified individuals, Trump’s government’s measures to handle the situation looks violative of human rights as laid done in the International Law. It seems that the U.S. is determined to breach the International Standards set for Refugees and delay the process as much as it can. The entire process mentioned in the Presidential Memorandum is biased for having more of a personal and nepotistic view that goes against the International Law.

The most unfortunate part is the possibility of mirroring these policies by other developed nations like the U.K. and other European countries, especially the U.K. If claiming asylum in the U.K. and other countries in Europe also becomes severe, it will be a massive setback to people in distress. We hope that international law prevails.  

image

5 Myths About Immigration Issues, Debunked

Immigration is one of the hottest political and economic topics of our day. Rhetoric swirls from all sides about the benefits and pitfalls of welcoming immigrants to our nation.

With so many different voices weighing in on immigration issues, it’s hard to cut through the noise and get to the facts.

If you’ve heard opposing viewpoints on immigration and are not sure what to think, read on. We’ve taken five of the most persistent immigration myths and debunked them below.

History of Immigration Issues

Since the founding of our nation, people have sought to become new citizens. And since people started applying for this status, there have been controversies and issues.

From the earliest days of our nation’s founding, the idea of welcoming immigrants and refugees to our country has enjoyed both an exalted and a condemned status. One of our icons, the Statue of Liberty, stands as a welcoming beacon to emigres. On the other hand, laws, and rhetoric designed to discourage immigration continue to find homes in many peoples’ hearts.

Even though the U.S. is called the “melting pot” for its diverse population, many myths have cropped up around immigration.

Five Immigration Myths

Myth #1: Immigrants Steal Our Jobs 

This myth has been disproven by study after study.

The facts are these: immigrants are helping to keep our economy strong, and the jobs that they fill are not jobs that Americans would happily take.

If the millions of undocumented immigrants were expelled from our country, it would also remove millions of business owners, taxpayers, and consumers. The economy would actually take a huge hit, and jobs would be lost.

Myth #2: Undocumented Workers Don’t Pay Taxes

This brings us to another myth about immigration, which is that immigrants don’t pay taxes.

Immigrants pay taxes on pretty much every single thing that citizens do. They pay sales tax on every taxable thing they buy. They pay property taxes on the houses that they buy or rent. And they pay payroll taxes and contribute to Social Security.

Undocumented workers pay into systems that they’ll never even benefit from, bring us to

Myth #3: They Drain the System

This, too, is false. On the contrary, even documented immigrants cannot claim social safety net benefits for five years after they’ve legally immigrated.

Undocumented workers are not eligible for any social benefits. They cannot collect welfare, they cannot apply for food stamps or Medicare, and they will not receive Social Security benefits upon their retirement. Immigrants can access public education and emergency health care, but that’s about it.

Myth #4: Immigrants Are Criminals

This is another myth that has been disproven by statistics time and again.

Most immigrants come to our nation to work or to join their family members who are already here. Very few immigrants with a criminal background enter our country, legally or illegally, and once here, immigrants are an overwhelmingly law-abiding demographic.

Myth #5: They Should Enter “Legally”

There are a few different facts that dispel this myth.

First, nearly 75% of foreign-born people living in the United States are living here through legal immigration channels, like naturalization or a green card. Second, even many who enter the country without proper documentation are considered refugees, which is a legally-recognized reason to come here.

These five pernicious myths continue to swirl around the discussion of immigration. Gerami Law has more information and resources for anyone seeking legal help in this area.

Always Seek the Facts

Media and political outlets express a wide range of ideas around immigration issues. Don’t get caught up in false rhetoric.

If you found this article informative, take a look at the many resources our site has to help you separate fact from myth.

image

Why Should You Seek Help From An Immigration Law Attorney?

People have all kinds of reasons as to why they want to immigrate and settle in a new country. It can be fun settling into a new country, but you have to remember that it will be totally different to your home country and it will take a few years for you to adapt to your new country’s lifestyle. Before you depart for your new country, there will be quite a bit of work ahead of you such as gathering all the necessary documents. 

It is not an easy task and there will be things such as birth certificates, passports, diplomas, medical reports, letters or recommendation and much more. 

USA Permanent Residency Applications

Not only that, apart from your certificates and diplomas, some documents will require you having several copies. Did you even know that there are actually a few ways you can get USA Permanent Residency – family-based petitions, employment-based petitions or investor EB-5 applications? You may not know about it but your lawyer does. Each of these types of applications have their own procedures and requirements. 

Immigration Lawyers Simplify the Immigration Process 

Rather than battling along on your own and having a whole lot of frustration building up, why not rope in the services of a reliable law firm clued up on immigration? These immigration lawyers assist those wanting to immigrate and they tackle all kinds of immigration-related issues such as getting visas as well as other complicated bureaucracy involved with immigration.

The Alvarez Law Firm, PLLC likes to treat all their clients like family. They are a small law firm and if you can not meet them in their offices, they will come to where you are. 

They tackle all kinds of immigration issues, from helping with the issuing of green cards right from start to finish. Some people think that marriage to someone from the United States of American automatically gets them a green card but that is not so. In fact, you may have to wait anything from a few months to a few years even for the entire green-card-process to be completed. Immigration lawyers can even assist with deportation issues. 

Removing all your Immigration Hiccups 

There is no escaping the fact that immigration law is complex, and it is not easy for the man on the street to actually understand all the processes and what each process entails. Immigration attorneys simplify the entire process for you and remove all the hiccups and frustrations you get from trying to process it on your own. 

While submitting your application, your lawyer will take adequate precautions to ensure that your documents meet the standards set by the visa office. There can be nagging delays if your documents are incomplete or need clarity. Your immigration lawyer will get it right the first time hence saving you time, and pave way for your smooth passage to your new home. 

image

How to successfully immigrate to the USA

Immigrate to the USA is a complex process and requires preparation weeks or even months in advance to be successful. Millions of people immigrate to the US every year, under both visitor visas and permanent visas. This article will help you gain an understanding of the process and make your experience a smooth and hassle-free one.

The article is divided into three sections: (1) the immigrant visa process, (2) the non-immigrant visa process, and (3) the ESTA and Visa Waiver Program.

(1) Steps and documents required for the immigrant visa:

Step 1- A petition is filed with the USCIS

The first step in the US immigrant visa process is the filing of the I-30 Form by the intending immigrant’s sponsor. This form is used for family-based immigration applications where the sponsor is sponsoring one of their relatives. However, for employment-based applications, the employer will act as the sponsor and will fill out the Form I-40. The sponsor must be a lawful permanent resident (LPR) or a US citizen. 

Step 2- Approval of the petition

On approval of the petition by the USCIS, you will need to begin your National Visa Center (NVC) process. The NVC is responsible for scheduling your interview. 

First, you will need to choose an agent. The agent will be contacted by the NVC and information regarding your case will be given to them. You will then need to pay the fees, which includes both the immigrant visa fee and the affidavit of support fee.

Once you have done that, you will need to fill out and submit the DS-260 immigrant visa form. This is the form that will formally execute your visa application.

Step 3- Collect financial and supporting documents to submit to the National Visa Center.

You will now need to collect the relevant financial and supporting documents to submit to the National Visa Center. 

First, your petitioner will need to submit an Affidavit of Support form (Form I-864) and evidence of their income. By completing the I-864 Form, the petitioner consents to financially support you if it becomes necessary.

Then, you will need to collect the supporting civil documents. You can use the US government’s document finder to see which supporting civil documents you will be required to submit.

After gathering both the financial and the supporting civil documents, you will send their photocopies to the NVC and bring the originals to your interview.

Step 3- The Interview

Once all required documents have been received, the National Visa Center will schedule an interview for you. You will receive a letter from the NVC indicating the date and time of the interview. 

After the interview, your case documents will be sent to the relevant US embassy or consulate situated in your country.

Essential documents that you must take to the interview include: 

  • A valid passport for at least six months
  • Appointment letter
  • Birth certificate
  • Two color passport photographs 
  • Required supporting civil documents

A comprehensive list of the required documents can be found here.

Step 4- Undergo the Medical Exam

On request of the National Visa Center or your US embassy, you will need to undergo a medical exam. An approved list of doctors will be provided to you to choose from who will then deliver the tests to the embassy in person.

Step 5- Interview day

On the day of the interview, you must bring all requested documents along with you to the embassy. This means the financial and supporting civil documents mentioned above. You must bring original documents only, not photocopies.

Unless you are a visitor with special needs, the only person allowed to accompany you to the interview is the petitioner. 

Step 6- Approval of Visa

You will be able to pick up your passport around 10 days after your interview. In addition to picking up your visa, you will need to pay the USCIS fee. This fee is charged for your resident card. It must be paid before traveling to the US.

However, if you are denied a visa, you will be informed of the reasons of denial via a letter.

Step 7- Picking up your visa and document packet

After your interview is completed and your visa application has been successful, you will be informed of when and where to pick up your visa, which will be attached to your passport, and your document packet. 

The document packet will be sealed and must not be opened by you. Instead, you will be required to take it along with you to the US and hand it over to the immigration officer at the point of entry.

(2) Steps and requirements for the visitor / non-immigrant visa for immigrate to the USA

Before applying for a non-immigrant visa, you will need to know which one to apply for. There are many non-immigrant visa categories which include, for example, the student visa and business/tourist visas. You should also check to see whether you are eligible for the Visa Waiver Program (see below), in which case you will not need to apply for a visa as long your visit is for no more than 90 days.

Listed below are the general steps you must follow regardless of your visa category:

Step 1- Fill out and submit the DS-160

The DS-160 form is the form which all non-immigrant visa applicants must fill out. It is an electronic form and is submitted online. Each visa applicant, including children, will require their own DS-160 form. The form is lengthy and so it is recommended that you take a reasonable time to fill it out in a careful manner.

Step 2- Pay your fee and schedule an interview

After completing the DS-160 form, you will be required to pay the visa fee and schedule an interview. The interview must be scheduled at the same embassy or consulate that you chose at the beginning of the DS-160 form.

Once your payment receipt has been activated, you can schedule an interview.

Remember, you must have submitted your DS-160 form online before scheduling an appointment for an interview.

Step 3- Gather the required supporting documents

You must bring the following supporting documents to the interview:

  • A valid passport. A valid passport is one which would be valid for at least six months beyond your intended length of stay in the US;
  • Your visa application (MRV) fee payment receipt;
  • Your DS-160 confirmation page;
  • Your email address.

Note that there may be additional documents required depending on your visa type as well as your country. You can check for them here.

Step 4- The Interview

Once you have gathered your supporting documents, you will appear at the interview at the chosen embassy or consulate. The interview will be a short one where you will be asked questions about yourself and about the purpose of your visit. 

Remember that US law assumes that everyone entering the US intends to stay there permanently. Hence, you must be able to show that you will return to your country after the purpose of your visit has been fulfilled.

Step 5- Final steps

You can check the status of your visa application online following the interview.

If the application has been approved, then you will be able to pick your passport and visa from the location you specified when scheduling the interview.

(3) The ESTA and Visa Waiver Program (VWP)

For citizens of a select group of countries, a visa is not required if the length of stay is no more than 90 days and the purpose of visit is tourism or business.

The list of eligible countries is as follows:

United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Brunei, Spain, Chile, Germany, Czech Republic, Andorra, Denmark, Slovakia, Estonia, Belgium, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Sweden, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Slovenia, Switzerland and Taiwan.

If you are a citizen of one of the above countries, then you are eligible for the visa waiver program and can fill out the ESTA online instead of applying for a visa. The ESTA is an electronic form which needs to be filled in order to travel without a visa. It must be filled out by each traveler.

The ESTA takes 24 hours to process. However, it is still recommended to complete and submit the form at least 72 hours before departure for the US. Note that the ESTA is only valid for tourism, business or medical purposes. If your ESTA application is denied, then you will need to apply for a regular visit visa.

There are some additional points that you should take note of:

  • You must have a biometric passport. If you do not have one, you will need to obtain one before applying for the ESTA.
  • The passport must be valid for at least 6 months following your date of departure.
  • Remember that the ESTA does not guarantee your entry to the US. Rather, that is determined by officials at the point of entry. 
  • Your ESTA will remain valid for a period of 2 years, given that your passport does not expire earlier.

US K1 Fiance Visa

If you are looking to bring your fiance to the United States for the purposes of getting married, and ultimately remaining in the USA, the fiance visa is the proper route. The requirements to file the fiance visa include having met during the past two years, both parties being free to marry, the US citizen being able to support the foreign fiance when she enters the country, neither having major criminal history, and that the relationship is genuine.

The paperwork to get a fiance visa is quite difficult and involves approvals from three different government agencies. To help ensure success, many choose to hire a fiance visa lawyer to help them complete their paperwork and make the process timeline as short as possible. The whole process, from start to finish, typically takes six to eight months.

Conclusion

In conclusion, we hope that you have found this guide useful. Navigating US immigration rules can be a tricky process but with the right resources, it can be a smooth and hassle-free process. Make sure to check your list of documents and fill out any required forms carefully. Happy traveling!

image
7 months ago Immigration Law , Laws , Lawsuits

5 Important Things You Need to Know About Immigration Laws

If you’ve been thinking about immigrating to Canada, then you’ll want to make sure you understand what needs to be done. Immigration laws are actually quite complicated and most people are going to be a bit confused about the requirements. Take a look at the following five important things that you need to know about Canadian immigration laws. It just might help you to understand why hiring an immigration lawyer is such a good idea. 

1. Being Married to a Canadian Doesn’t Automatically Get You in

One thing that people wind up being confused about is whether or not having a spouse that lives in Canada can get you into the country. The immigration laws simply don’t work that way in Canada. If your spouse lives in Canada, then you’ll still need to apply for spousal sponsorship to immigrate to the country. This process takes time and it isn’t going to be a guarantee. 

Due to the fact that the immigration laws in Canada are different from those in America, people tend to get confused by this. It’s actually not overly difficult to understand, but it might still be beneficial to enlist the help of an immigration lawyer. They can help things to go smoothly and guide you through the process. Lawyers explain what is required of you and they do a lot of the work themselves. 

2. The Difference Between Outland Sponsorship and Inland Sponsorship

There are two different types of sponsorship that you can make use of when you have a spouse in Canada. These sponsorships are known as outland sponsorship and inland sponsorship. The difference between the two can be hard to grasp at first glance. It isn’t too complicated when you dig into the details, though. 

An inland sponsorship can grant someone an open work permit. This is going to allow them to live in Canada and they’ll also be able to work. An outland sponsorship is usually going to be the faster option, but it doesn’t come with that convenient open work permit. Consider which option is best for your situation before moving forward. 

3. A Job Offer Isn’t Necessary to Immigrate to Canada 

You should also remember that you don’t necessarily need to have a job offer to immigrate to Canada. It can help the process, but immigrating to the country isn’t contingent on whether you have a job offer. There are other factors to consider and the majority of immigration applicants don’t have a job offer when they finally do get their Canadian Permanent Residence. Immigration lawyers can help you immigrate from one country to another without any issues.

4. You Usually Need a Job Offer to Obtain a Canadian Work Permit

Getting a Canadian work permit isn’t as simple as you might like it to be. This is one of the reasons why people enlist the help of lawyers so that they can be helped through the process. Typically, you’re going to need a job offer to get a Canadian work permit. There are exceptions, but you’ll definitely want to have a solid job offer to make things easy. 

5. Job Offers Need to Be Validated 

If you do get a job offer from a Canadian business, then things will need to be validated. Only serious job offers will really help you to get into Canada faster. This assessment process is known as a labour market impact assessment. Things will be assessed and then you’ll be able to see if it helped your chances or not. 

In Conclusion

The Canadian immigration process might feel a bit daunting at first. Even so, you’ll be able to get things in order by contacting a lawyer. You shouldn’t hesitate to reach out to a legal professional if you want things to go smoothly. They’ll be able to consult with you and they can handle a lot of things on your behalf.

[yasr_overall_rating]

image
7 months ago Immigration Law , Rights

The Ultimate History of Immigration in the U.S. Timeline

The U.S. is known to be one of the most common destinations of immigrants over the years. In 2019, the laws of immigration in the U.S. state that a legal U.S. citizen must fund foreign citizens seeking to immigrate into the country. The immigrant must also have an approved petition before any further applications.

To become a lawful U.S. resident, the immigrant must obtain the immigration visa before packing their bags. However, this wasn’t the case in the 1870s when immigration into the U.S. first started. The conditions leading to immigration were quite different from today, and so was the process of immigrating.

Do you know the complete history of U.S. immigration? Find out in this comprehensive history of immigration in the U.S. timeline.

In 1790: The Naturalization Act

Unlike today, in the year 1790, immigrants were given a law that requested them to apply for citizenship and stay in their country one year after the application. Once they did that, they could go into the U.S. and remain there at least two years without leaving the country.

As for those allowed to apply for citizenship, only white people of “good character” could apply. Those were the requirements for getting U.S. Citizenship. Nonwhite persons who didn’t get to receive citizenship would be denied opportunities for voting and other constitutional securities.

Later in August same year, the U.S. government ran its first census. Tally resulted in 3.9 million residents, with one in five Americans being of African background.

In 1815 to 1875: Immigration of the Irish and Germans

After the war of 1812, peace was finally established between the British and Americans in the year 1815. After this, immigration by the Irish into the U.S. drastically grew. Between 1820 and 1860 the Irish (who were mostly of Catholic denomination), totaled to a third of all immigrants in the U.S.

Germans also made their move at a similar time to join residents in the United States. Some of these Germans were moving into the Midwest to buy farms.

Unfortunately, due to their method of migration, many new immigrants could arrive feeling unwell, or worse – dying. As they traveled through the Atlantic Ocean by ship, they got to experience cramped conditions and climate that didn’t favor their general health.

All these led to Congress passing legislation through the Steerage Act of 1819, which had two major requirements:

  1. Sustenance rule where all ships must have better conditions for the immigrants arriving in the United States. This protected immigrants from illnesses and ensured they were comfortable during their journey into the country.
  2. Congress established a law where ship captains would report, or instead give information on passenger’s demographic and destinations.

In 1849, the worst happened to immigrants when a party known as the Know-Nothing-Party formed. The reason behind this formation was as a result of the backlash after noting the increasing number of Germans migrating into the United States.

After the civil war, a few states passed new immigration laws in 1875. In the same year, the Supreme Court declared the federal government the entity for enforcing immigration laws.

Chinese Exclusion Act

In 1880, Americans began a rapid period of urbanization and industrialization. The same year, a second immigration wave began.

Forty years from then, over 20 million immigrants moved into the country from Eastern, Southern, and Central Europe. This tally includes 2 million Jews and about 4 million Italians who came to work in factories and settle in main cities like New York.

Around the 1850s, a substantial number of Chinese had immigrated into the U.S. In 1882, the Chinese got unlucky when they were barred from getting into the United States. This was done by passing of the Chinese Exclusion Act that year.

Most of the Chinese immigrants worked in the gold mines, built railways, worked in cloth factories, and took part in agricultural jobs. With time, these laborers became quite successful in the United States. This led to Americans becoming anti-Chinese; hence the Act.

This Act is first one to impose extensive constraints on a specific immigrant group.

The Immigration Act of 1891

In 1891, the Immigration Act was further crafted to exclude more immigrants into the country, some of which include:

  • Sick people or the diseased
  • Polygamists
  • Convicted criminals

It’s in 1891 when the federal government of the United States created the office of immigration. This office was to be used to coordinate immigration laws and ensure all immigrants adhere. Immigration inspectors were stationed at main ports of entry in the U.S. to process each immigrant who tries to get into the country.

The first immigration station opened in January 1892 in the New York Harbor in Ellis Island.

The U.S. & Japanese Sign Gentleman’s Agreement in 1907

The Japanese immigrants settled in America and began to work at farming jobs. White workers would lose their jobs, and their wages cut. This became a worry to the government, leading them to sign the Gentleman’s agreement in 1907.

This agreement gave the Japanese government the mandate to restrict Japanese immigrants into the U.S. The restriction was limited to business people and professionals. This way, the white workers would keep their jobs and have better wages.

World War Bore Restrictions from 1917

More immigration restrictions were enacted following America’s involvement in World War I. The immigration act stated that literacy requirements were to be considered for all immigrants into the States. The Act then excluded Asian immigrants.

In 1924, the federal government established the U.S. Border Patrol to capture illegal immigrants (mainly Asians and Chinese) trying to enter America through the Canadian and Mexican borders.

World War II brought about labor shortages which prompted the government to allow in Mexican agricultural workers into the country through the Bracero Program in 1942.

Quota System Ends

In 1965, the immigration act and Nationality Act refurbished the American immigration system ending enacted laws in the 1920s, which favored specific racial and ethnic groups.

Later in 1986, President Reagan signed the Simpson-Mazzoli Act, which gave pardon to over 3 million legal immigrants living in the U.S.

Child Dreamers and Terrorist Immigrants

In 2001, President Barrack Obama signed an Act known as DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals). It helps some dreamers avoid deportation.

Unfortunately, the Act does not help them get citizenship. In 2012, President Donald Trump issued executive orders to prevent travel and immigration of people from selected Muslim countries. They include Iran, Somalia, Yemen, and Syria.

This move is meant to help protect the country from terrorist entries. Find out more about eligibility.

History of Immigration in the U.S. Timeline

From the year 1875 to 2001, the history of immigration in the U.S. timeline has been through tremendous changes. They affect both adults, and child dreamers.

The federal government has tried to maintain favorable conditions for immigrants to apply for their immigration visas while also trying to protect the livelihood of current U.S. citizens

Do you have any questions about current immigration laws or other legal matters? View our other articles on the topic to learn more.

[yasr_overall_rating]

image

How taking legal advice in immigration can help your cause?

Applying for a visa is not easy, and getting it approved is far more difficult unless everything goes right. A minor error can lead to its cancellation without even you recognizing where the fault was. Hence, it’s better to get legal help in this matter from experienced lawyers like Strategic Lawyers, to improve your chances of visa grant. Your lawyer can help you in many ways.

The benefits of hiring a legal advisor for visa application

Identify problems and suggest solutions for them

There can be certain situations due to which your visa can be rejected or cancelled. You may not be aware of those circumstances. But a migration lawyer can detect those areas quickly by asking you some relevant questions, and guide you on the steps that you would need to take. If possible, he can also seek exemption for you from the department based on your case.

Finish paperwork and legal procedures

At the time of applying for the visa, you need to consider multiple factors, such as the type of visa you require, job description, filling up answers on forms, date and time of submission of the documents, etc. For a common man, it’s not easy to handle deadlines or follow all the rules on how to fill the form and submit it. If you enter the wrong information or get late in your submission, your application will either cause visa rejection or delay in the procedures, which in turn, mean more expense. But all this is avoidable if you have an attorney to navigate you through this process.

Prepare written submission

A written submission document can be two to ten pages long depending on the nature of your case and the complications involved in it. If you hire a legal advisor, you can leave it to him to get this document ready and present it before the authorities by emphasizing on the positive sides and addressing the potential risks. The lawyer can also help you understand your choices in complex situations and build strategies around it.

Deal with the concerned authorities efficiently

A process of visa application involves tribunal members, courts, and immigration officers. They all are experts in their fields, and you need to possess a certain level of expertise and experience while dealing with them. Whether the information on the document has minor or severe errors, it would not matter to them. They can reject the application based on legal and practical grounds. Your emotional plea will not melt them. As you can understand, immigration laws are by themselves so complicated, and then there can be mistakes from the side of the government officers also. Whatever be the situation, it will be difficult for you to get a fair decision if you don’t know how to deal with it. But your attorney can convince the decision-makers or counter their opinions in your favour.

So, do you need a visa for your family, friend, or yourself? Consider going to a professional legal advisor, who specializes in this field. His experience and knowledge can prove beneficial to you.

[yasr_overall_rating]

image

What Is the Role of USA Immigration Lawyers in the Immigration Process?

The US has a staggering 13.1 million legal noncitizens and 11.3 million unauthorized immigrants. The process of obtaining citizenship is a long drawn-out process that can take up to 7 years.

Whether or not you require an immigrant lawyer will depend on what you’re reasons for being the country are in the first place. In this article, we’ll take an in-depth look at what the role of USA Immigration Lawyers is in the immigration process. Read on.

USA Immigration Lawyers: What Is Their Role

The role of a lawyer who specializes in immigration matters is quite different from that of other kinds of lawyers you might come across. They don’t spend time in court handling civil disputes.

So, what do immigration lawyers do? They spend most of their days helping US noncitizens sort out their immigration issues.

Their role is that of an advisor to immigrants who have to interact with the immigration authorities. They may also make court appearances before an immigration judge if their client is facing an immigration hearing.

How to Tell If You Need an Immigration Lawyer

If you’re wondering, “What does an immigration lawyer do and do you need one?” Well, believe it or not, they could be the difference between getting a permanent US residency or immediate deportation.

A migration lawyer (not to be confused with a migration agent) is critical to the entire process. If you are a US noncitizen, you’ll certainly need an immigration lawyer if:

1. You’ve Committed a Crime

When applying for US citizenship, most USCIS (US Citizenship and Immigration Services) forms require that you indicate whether or not you’ve previously committed or been convicted of a crime. It is important to not misrepresent yourself when filling out this section.

Remember, they’ll run your prints. So, if you’ve had any prior run-ins with the law, engaging an immigration attorney might save you from deportation. You can read more about what a conviction is for immigration purposes.

2. Your Previous Applications Have Been Declined

The immigration process is notoriously complex. It tests your patience on so many levels. You may have tried doing it on your own only to end up having your application rejected.

You may also be in the process but it appears to have stalled for a number of months or even years. An immigration lawyer might help you remedy the situation and perhaps even fast track the process.

3. You’ve Been Deported from the US

Getting forcibly removed from the US is nothing short of a traumatic experience. However, not all removals result in getting permanently barred from the country. An immigration lawyer can initiate an appeal process on your behalf.

4. The Determination of Your Application Status Is Taking an Unreasonably Long Time

A well-established immigration lawyer has built long-standing relationships with USCIS personnel. If you filed your application and still haven’t received feedback regarding your application status, an immigration lawyer can do a follow up on your behalf to get a timely response.

5. You Lost Your Permanent Residence Status in Your Divorce

If you obtained US permanent residency status as the result of a marriage to a US citizen, getting a divorce means you lose that status. If you are now getting into a second marriage with another US citizen, adjusting your permanent residency status can prove to be a difficult undertaking.

The burden of proof rests in your ability to show that your initial marriage was not a sham. An immigration lawyer is best placed to help you go about it.

6. You Have a Child Who Is About to Turn 21

Say for instance that you obtained a green card through your job and now have to immigrate with your family. They too are eligible for green cards provided the kids are below 21.

However, the process of obtaining permanent residency status can be painfully slow, to say the least. So, there’s cause to worry if one of your kids is about to turn 21.

You’ll need to retain an immigration lawyer so that they can expedite the process. Otherwise, if the child turns 21 before they get permanent residency status, they’ll effectively get locked out of the country and have to apply for residency on their own.

7. Your Employer Isn’t Willing to Handle the Immigration Process

If you receive an offer of employment from a US-based firm that requires you to immigrate, your prospective employer is under no obligation to help you with the immigration processes. In that case, you’ll have to get an immigration lawyer to help you with the process of getting a green card or visa.

Obtaining these documents based on an employment offer is quite a complicated process that could potentially result in lengthy delays. Don’t attempt to do it yourself or you might end up losing the opportunity altogether.

8. You Find Paperwork Alone Exhausting

Even the most basic of US immigration applications involves filling out mountains of paperwork. What’s more, you have to correctly fill out the requested information in great detail.

Some sections have very intricate instructions, which if not followed to a tee, could result in getting the application returned, delayed or in some instances, rejected. Immigration lawyers deal with this kind of stuff on a daily basis. Hiring an immigration lawyer is well worth the peace of mind.

The Bottom Line

With the complexity of issues surrounding the immigration process, it would be foolish not to seek help from USA immigration lawyers. They are best placed to present you with all the options available if you want a favorable outcome.

Whatever you do, don’t rely on advice from USCIS information officers. They wouldn’t be of much help to you, beyond providing you with basic procedural advice. Leave that to the experts.

Do you have any credit issues? Read about why it’s necessary to hire an attorney to sort them out.

[yasr_overall_rating]

image
10 months ago Immigration Law

Get Professional Help: 4 Reasons You Need to Hire an Immigration Lawyer Now

There are 44.5 million immigrants living in the United States, according to the 2017 Census Bureau.

If you’re thinking of living and working in the U.S., you’ll have to go through the immigration process first. But, it’s not as easy as it sounds.

You might be asking yourself, “do I need to hire an immigration lawyer?” The short answer, no. But, you might want to. Anyone who has gone through the immigration process will tell you that it’s no joke.

Depending on which route you take, the immigration process can take up to a decade, and the more mistakes you make, the longer it can take. This is precisely why an immigration lawyer could be crucial to your case.

Read on to learn more reasons why an immigration lawyer can make or break your case.

1. Deadlines Are Everything

First off, ask yourself one question: Are you perfect at meeting deadlines? You’ll want to be honest with yourself.

During the immigration process, you’ll encounter what seems like endless deadlines. You’ll have time limitations on filing certain paperwork, turning in proper documentation such as birth certificates, and even presenting supporting evidence such as petition letters.

On top of paperwork deadlines, you’ll have many appointments you’ll need to keep track of. Depending on which process you’re going through, you may need to attend several interviews, be present for multiple oaths, and have your fingerprints taken.

Having a lawyer available to keep track of these deadlines and appointments can make a big difference. A simple appointment reminder can prevent your entire case from being pushed back to the bottom of the pile, or even denied altogether.

2. The Paperwork Is Complicated

It’s true; the paperwork is killer. A lawyer will ask you questions so he or she can fill out the paperwork on your behalf.

You can fill out the forms on your own, but be careful not to make any mistakes. A simple mistake of checking the wrong box can result in the denial of your entire case.

3. Your Chances of Success Are Higher

If your case does get denied, you’ll have the opportunity to dispute the denial. Disputes can get tricky, though. An immigration lawyer is trained for this type of situation.

They will search for legal loopholes and policies that support the dispute. This makes your overall success rate much higher than if you were to apply on your own.

4. Your Immigration Lawyer Will Attend Your Interviews

Immigration interviews can be intimidating, to say the least. It’s easy to say the wrong thing and find yourself denied.

An immigration lawyer will attend these interviews with you, so you won’t have to worry about saying the wrong thing. They will prepare you for possible questions as well, so there won’t be any surprises.

Don’t Forget to Ask Questions

Most importantly, lawyers are there for you from beginning to end. They’re there to answer any and all of your questions.

Unfortunately, not all immigration lawyers are created equal.

It’s important to do a bit of research before choosing an immigration lawyer. If you’re ready to hire your first immigration lawyer, check out these tips for finding the perfect immigration lawyer.

Newsletter
Location

© Copyright 2019 Halt Law Directory | Connecting Attorneys with Clients in Need. All rights reserved.