Most of the times, the major request many of the Rochester personal injury law firms get is to explain the meaning of a legal word or phrase. Even though we can leave the high-level legal jargons and technical aspects of a lawsuit to an experienced lawyer, it is essential for those who are initiating a personal injury lawsuit is to know about the basic terminology. Knowing these will surely help you understand your situation and possibilities better and to communicate with a legal consultant effectively.
What we discuss below are some common terms and their explanations as described by one of the top-rated Rochester personal injury law firm, which will help you understand the personal injury legal suits in a better way.
Personal injury basic legal terminology
- Abstract of Title: This is a summary of all the official records in chronological order.
- Ad Litem: It’s a Latin term which means the purpose of the lawsuit.
- Adjudicate: Resolving a legal suit.
- Claim: In personal injury, it’s the civil action related to the physical or mental sufferings of the plaintiff or on behalf of the victim.
- Class-action Lawsuit: A lawsuits filed to make a company accountable for their products like defective pharmaceuticals or any toxic materials.
- Comparative Negligence: Considering the plaintiff’s contribution in an accident against the negligence of the defendant.
- Compensation: The amount to make up for the loss of the plaintiff.
- Damages: The payment recovered by the civil court for a loss or injury caused by the negligence of the accused.
- Defendant: The accused party in a civil lawsuit.
- Expert witness: It’s a person who testifies in a trail with his or her knowledge or proficiency in the field of the relevancy in a case.
- Fraud: A deceptive or false statement which is intentional to persuade another one to give up something valuable.
- Gross Negligence: Failing to performance of a responsible duty by disregarding the health or property of another person.
- Litigation: Process of initiating a legal action or simply filing a lawsuit.
- Medical Malpractice: Professional negligence of a healthcare provider, which ends up in an injury to someone.
- Occupational Diseases: Any illness caused by the nature of long-term employment.
- Partial Disability: Usually in workers’ compensation lawsuits, this refers to the disabilities which are less than total disability.
- Personal Injury: The field of law which covers the physical or emotional injury and financial losses caused due to an accident.
- Plaintiff: The one who initiatives a legal action.
- Proximate Cause: The primary reason why damage or injury occur.
- Settlement: Agreement between the parties to end a lawsuit.
- The statute of Limitations: The specified time within which the plaintiff has to file a lawsuit.
- Strict Liability: The legal doctrine is holding the defendant liable for any harm caused to others by their actions.
- Tort: An injury or a private wrong committed against an individual or a property, which results in a lawsuit.
- Total Disability: In workers’ compensation lawsuits, damages awarded to the sufferer if they are totally impaired in a work-related injury.
- Verdict: The judgment in a case.
- Wrongful Death Action: It is a lawsuit against an individual or organization in case of the death of a person due to wrongful behavior or negligence.
Hope this glossary may help individuals who are planning to file a personal injury suit to understand the terms better and communicate more effectively with an attorney.